Monday, March 11, 2013
The Evolving Due to Bacteria Antibiotics Not Working
Antibiotics have been known as a drug that can help healing. But what if it turns out antibiotics are now not able to handle an infection or other illness?
Antibiotics that have been used for a variety of healing just cause 'catastrophic threat' to society. It is said by the chief medical officer in England as an act of urgent warning to the whole world.
"If it is not taken strong action in the use of antibiotics, and no new discovery, then we will find our healthcare system is no different as in the days of the 19th century in some ways," said Dame Sally Davies as quoted from The Guardian, Tuesday (12/3 / 2013).
While several antibiotics fail to work, the bacteria growing. Although the 'superbug' methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteria and C have been reduced in some hospitals, but there have been an alarming increase in other types of bacteria, including the new strain of E coli and Klebsiella that causes pneumonia.
The bacteria including gram-negative bacteria commonly found in the intestines, not the skin. Harmful bacteria known to parents.
"Antimicrobial resistance is a potential hazard," said Dame.
"If we do not act now, one of us would go to the hospital the next 20 years for minor surgery and died of an infection that can not be treated with antibiotics and will undergo routine operations such as hip replacements or organ transplants. It is deadly because of the risk of infection, "he added.
That is why governments and organizations around the world, including the World Health Organization (WHO) and the G8, should consider this seriously.
"There is already a 85 percent reduction in MRSA, which means that most of the hospitals have no more than two or three cases a year. But now there are 50 to 100 cases of infections caused by gram-negative bacteria for each case of MRSA," explained Professor Mike Sharland from hospital St George in London who is also adviser to the Ministry of Health and the use of antimicrobials (antibiotics and anti-virus) in children.
Antibiotics failed to work because the bacteria develop resistance to the drug over time. In the decades after the discovery of penicillin, it does not seem to be a problem for drug companies to develop new versions. But not after, and until now. Dame has announced for re-development of antibiotics to several pharmaceutical industries and enterprises, but many eventually give up because of drug resistance of bacteria to grow.
"However, there is an increasing number of infections are virtually no therapeutic options, and we desperately need a new discovery, research and development. English is very good to make basic discoveries and research for new antibacterial molecules," said Laura Piddock as a professor of microbiology and deputy director of the institute of microbiology and infection at Birmingham. Dame Laura was praised in the development of antibiotics.
Antimicrobial resistance is a serious problem, therefore advised pharmaceutical companies actively engaged in researching and developing new antimicrobial drugs.
To note, as many as 5,000 patients die each year in the UK as this, where the bacteria enter the bloodstream and in half the cases caused by bacteria that are resistant to drugs.