Tuesday, November 6, 2012

Nerve, Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease is a degenerative brain disorder that leads to dementia and, eventually, death. Symptoms of Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (CJD) sometimes similar to other disorders such as dementia or Alzheimer's brain, but Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease usually progresses much faster. Although serious, rare CJD and around the world, there is only one case diagnosed per million people each year, most often in older adults.

Causes of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease apparently due to an abnormal version of the type of protein called a prion. Normally, the protein is harmless, but when defects will be contagious and can wreak havoc on normal biological processes. This disease can not be transmitted through coughing or sneezing, touching or sexual contact.

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease is characterized by a rapid mental deterioration, usually within a few months. The early signs and symptoms of CJD typically include: 1. Changes in personality 2. Anxiety 3. Depression 4. Loss of memory 5. Thought disorder 6. Blurred vision 7. Insomnia 8. Difficulty speaking
9. Difficulty swallowing Most people will eventually come to an end with a semicolon. Heart failure, respiratory failure, pneumonia or other infections generally can be the cause of death. This disease will settle on someone in about seven months, although some may live up to one or two years after diagnosis. In people with CJD, psychiatric symptoms may be more prominent in the beginning, with the development of dementia. In addition, CJD can affect people at a younger age but has a slightly longer duration, which is 12 to 14 months.

There is no effective treatment for Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. A number of drugs have been tested, including steroids, antibiotics and antiviral properties, but has not demonstrated benefit. Thus, physicians focused on how to reduce pain and other symptoms and to make people as comfortable as possible with this disease.

Source: MayoClinic

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